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What is a Concrete Breaker?

Find out what a concrete breaker is, how one works & discover the different industry terms for these machines.

A concrete breaker is an industry standard piece of equipment used to break up robust materials for demolition and construction applications.

Breakers feature a T shaped frame with handles, a motor or engine, a pile driver, chuck and a replaceable bit.

What is a Concrete Breaker Used For?

Breakers are used to break up robust materials, such as concrete, floors, roads, paths, brickwork, and more. They are used for demolition and construction tasks of all scales, from domestic work to industrial projects.

How Does a Breaker Work?

A breaker drives an internal hammer with a chisel up and down at high speed, and with considerable force. The hammer is driven down to strike a surface, and then it moves back up to its original position. As it rebounds and depending on the type of breaker, the hammer can trip a value to drive the head again, or the engine can simply repeat the action. The repetitive action stresses the targeted surface, causing irregular fragments. As the hammer as chisel continues to strike the material, it eventually breaks it up into smaller pieces. The mass of the tool, gravity, and the force applied all determine the effectiveness of the breaker. These tools can also be used with a range of different bits.

What Are Breakers Also Known As?

Several pieces of equipment can be called breakers, in the sense that they are pieces of equipment used to break up materials during demolition and construction. The origin of the tool can be traced back to the jackhammer, invented by William Mcreavy. The jackhammer was a percussion drill with a combination hammer and chisel head.

Modern breakers can be pneumatic, hydraulic, or powered by petrol, diesel, or electromechanical engines. They are interchangeably referred to as hammer drills, concrete breakers, demolition hammers, breaker hammers, air breakers and pneumatic drills. The electromechanical versions are known colloquially as Kangos, which comes from the former British brand name now owned by Milwaukee Tool. However, these days, the term Kango is also commonly used interchangeably for all types of breakers.

What Other Types of Breaker Are There?

SDS drills, rotary drills, rotary hammers, and combination drills are all types of breakers. They are more compact and lightweight tools that have a rotation function and a piston function to drill and chisel away materials. Depending on the type of tool, it might offer rotary only or hammer only functions, so they are very versatile.

As these breakers are smaller and lighter, they are easier to handle and ideal for working above head height and confined areas. They are ideal for chasing walls, removing plaster, mortar, wall and floor tiles, and breaking up smaller slabs.

Where Can I Hire a Breaker?

With over 400 tool hire shops nationwide, National Tool Hire Shops offers DIY and Trade customers a convenient tool hire service, with over 2,000 products available, including breakers.

How Much Does it Cost to Hire a Breaker?

Depending on the size of the breaker, its impact energy, the engine - petrol, diesel, or electric, and the length of the hire period, you can hire a breaker from as little as £26 per day.
Prices may vary due to location and availability. Check our range below to see what you can book in your area.